Conference materials

Efficacy of convenience sampling through the internet versus respondent driven sampling among males who have sex with males in Tallinn and Harju County, Estonia: challenges reaching a hidden population

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Source: AIDSCARE

Language : ENG

This paper examines challenges obtaining representative samples of males who have sex with males (MSM) in Estonia and provides descriptive HIV behavioral data gathered from four cross-sectional surveys; three using the internet, and one using respondent driven sampling (RDS) to recruit MSM in Tallinn and Harju County.

Successes and challenges of HIV prevention in men who have sex with men

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Language : ENG

Men who have sex with men (MSM) have been substantially aff ected by HIV epidemics worldwide. Epidemics in MSM are re-emerging in many high-income countries and gaining greater recognition in many low-income and middle-income countries.

HIV and STI Testing and Related Factors Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Estonia

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Source: CrossMark

Language : ENG

HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia are low. We collected data from 265 MSM in a national, online survey. Lifetime HIV testing was related to risky sexual behaviors and contacts with health care services, while lifetime STI testing was related only to contacts with health care services. In addition, some personal values were significant predictors of testing. For example, high achievement (personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards) had a negative impact on lifetime HIV testing, and high interpersonal conformity (avoiding upsetting others) had a negative impact on lifetime STI testing. The results demonstrate the need to develop gay-friendly health services and to recognize the role of personal values and individual differences in values when designing attractive interventions to increase HIV/STI testing rates among MSM.

HIV RISK BEHAVIOR AND RISK-RELATED CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG RUSSIAN MEN WHO EXCHANGE SEX FOR MONEY OR VALUABLES FROM OTHER MEN

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Source: The Guilford Press

Language : ENG

One of the world’s newest HIV epidemics is emerging now in Russia and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. We report on the HIV risk characteristics of young Russian men who exchange sex for money or valuables, a group that constitutes almost one-fourth of men surveyed recently in gay-identified venues in St. Petersburg.

HIV, hepatitis and syphilis prevalence and correlates of condom use during anal sex among men who have sex with men in the Republic of Moldova

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Source: ORA

Language : ENG

Limited data on HIV prevalence and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) exist in the Republic of Moldova. In Chisinau and Balti, 188 and 209, respectively, men who reported having anal or oral sex in the last six months with another man, aged 16 years were recruited into a study in 2010 using respondent-driven sampling methods.

HIV/STD Prevalence, Risk Behavior, and Substance Use Patterns and Predictors in Russian and Hungarian Sociocentric Social Networks of Men Who Have Sex with Men

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Source: The Guilford Press

Language : ENG

This study recruited four sociocentric networks (n = 156) of men who have sex with men in Budapest, Hungary, and St. Petersburg, Russia. The sampling approach was based on identifying an initial “seed” in the community for each network, and then recruiting three successive friendship group waves out from the seed.

Injecting drug users, sex workers and men who have sex with men: a national cross-sectional study to develop a framework and prevalence estimates for national HIV/AIDS programmes in the Republic of Serbia

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Source: BMJ OPEN

Language : ENG

The aim of this study was to develop a framework and best estimates of prevalence for the most at risk populations (MARPs) for HIV/AIDS to include sex workers (SW), men who have sex with men (MSM) and injecting drug users (IDUs) in order to evaluate national HIV/AIDS programmatic targets across the Republic of Serbia

‘If she is a good woman …’ and ‘to be a real man …’: gender, risk and access to HIV services among key populations in Tajikistan

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Source: ROUTLEDGE

ISBN: 1369-1058

Language : ENG

The HIV epidemic continues to grow in Tajikistan, especially among people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men and incarcerated populations. Despite their susceptibility to HIV,
members of these groups do not always have access to HIV prevention, testing and treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify and understand the gender constraints in accessing HIV services for key populations in Tajikistan. Using focus-group discussions and key informant interviews the assessment team collected information from members of key populations and those who work with them.

Effects of Stigmatization on Gay Men Living with HIV/AIDS in a Central-Eastern European Context: A Qualitative Analysis from Hungary

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Source: Sex Res Soc Policy

Language : ENG

This qualitative study highlights the social dynamics affecting people living with HIV (PLH) in Hungary and in the Central-Eastern European region.

Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care

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Source: ROUTLEDGE

Language : ENG

This paper reports on research that aimed to identify risk factors and preventive behaviours for HIV/
STIs among men who have sex with men in Bulgaria, Kosovo, Macedonia and Romania. Twelve peer
researchers conducted interviews on sexual behaviour, condom use and HIV/STI awareness. Data
analysis revealed common themes across countries. Sexual activity takes place both in public spaces
and private homes.

Culture, Health & Sexuality

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Source: ROUTLEDGE

Language : ENG

Misclassification of Men with Reported HIV Infection in Ukraine

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Source: CrossMark

Language : ENG

We analyzed data on reported mode of transmission in case reports of HIV-infections among men in
Ukraine. The number of men who were reported to have acquired HIV through heterosexual transmission increased substantially in 2006–2011. However, we estimate that up to 40 % of reported cases of heterosexual transmission among men may actually represent misclassified men who have sex with men or persons who inject drugs. These findings indicate a need to improve the quality of data on
reported mode of HIV transmission. Accurate information has important public health implications in planning prevention and treatment services.

Modelling the impact of HIV prevention and treatment for men who have sex with men on HIV epidemic trajectories in low- and middle-income countries

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Source: ORA

Language : ENG

Little is known about the impact of combination HIV prevention interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) and the impacts on the wider epidemics. Modelling analyses of MSM-specific interventions across varied HIV epidemics may inform evidence-based responses. The Goals model was adapted to project the impacts of providing HIV interventions for MSM and access to expanded coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for adults to measure the effects on the MSM and adult epidemics in Peru, Ukraine, Kenya and Thailand.

Outcomes associated with anxiety and depression amongmen who have sex with men in Estonia

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Source: CrossMark

Language : ENG

Evidence supports that gay, lesbian, and transgender populations are at increased risk for mental health problems. The current study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and related factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia. This is
the only known study of its type in the Eastern European region.

Predictors of HIV risk behavior among Russian men who have sex with men: an emerging epidemic

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Source: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 0269-9370

Language : ENG

Russia is experiencing one of the sharpest increases in HIV incidence in the world. Almost no research has examined patterns of risk behavior among Russian men who have sex with men (MSM).

Prevalence of HIV among MSM in Europe: comparison of self-reported diagnoses from a large scale internet survey and existing national estimates

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Source: BMH

Language : ENG

Country level comparisons of HIV prevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) is challenging
for a variety of reasons, including differences in the definition and measurement of the denominator group, recruitment strategies and the HIV detection methods. To assess their comparability, self-reported data on HIV diagnoses in a 2010 pan-European MSM internet survey (EMIS) were compared with pre-existing estimates of HIVprevalence in MSM from a variety of European countries.

Review of HIV vulnerability and condom use in central and eastern Europe

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Source: Center for AIDS Intervention Research (CAIR)

Language : ENG

The epidemiological trend of increasing HIV incidence rates due to sexual transmission in central and eastern Europe has been documented. The current review analysed research articles that report on a wide spectrum of vulnerable populations from this world region. Studies of injection drug users, commercial sex workers, men who have sex with men, adolescents and young adults all reported inconsistent condom use. However, these patterns varied across populations and geographic areas. Populations in former Soviet countries – the most affected by HIV – also often appeared to have lower
condom use rates. Intensified, comprehensive and locally tailored measures to curb sexual HIV transmission are urgently needed. Social development programs need to incorporate HIV prevention.

Risk Factors for HIV and Unprotected Anal Intercourse among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in Almaty, Kazakhstan

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Source: PLOS ONE

Language : ENG

Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV infection. MSM in Central Asia, however, are not adequately studied to assess their risk of HIV transmission. Methods: This study used respondent driven sampling methods to recruit 400 MSM in Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan, into a cross-sectional study. Participation involved a one-time interviewer-administered questionnaire and rapid HIV screening test. Prevalence data were adjusted for respondent network size and recruitment patterns. Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association between HIV and selected risk factors, and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and selected risk factors.

				
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