Year of Issue: 2013
Language : ENG
The aim of the current project was to develop an Internet-based recruitment system for HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia in order to collect biological samples during behavioural studies. In 2013, an Internet-based HIV risk-behaviour survey was conducted among MSM living in Estonia.
Source: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Source: ILGA EUROPE
The previous Framework Decision was subject to a number of constraints. First of all, it had to be agreed unanimously by the Council (ie, Member States’ justice ministers) and so was not very ambitious. Similarly, the European Parliament was only consulted on its adoption. However, the 2012 Directive was adopted in accordance with the EU’s ‘ordinary legislative procedure’, which means that the Council voted by a qualified majority and the European Parliament had joint decisionmaking powers with the Council.
We provide a summary of the current status of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, including data on the transmission of drug-resistant virus in the European Region of the WHO. The review was conducted by searching the reports of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the United Nations General Assembly Special Session country reports to identify the number of HIV cases reported in 2002–2011, the number of HIV tests performed, and the results of the most recent HIV surveys in at-risk groups.
Research among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Central Asia has described same sex behavior among male PWID and may be associated with HIV and other infections. Little is known about the population of men who have sex with men (MSM) and the burden of HIV among MSM in Central
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has caused extensive human suffering and loss across the globe. Although populations most at risk vary across countries, it is recognised that in the countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area (EU/EEA) men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). Despite numerous interventions which targeted behaviour, knowledge and attitudes of MSM, increases of STI and HIV have been recently observed. Outbreaks of syphilis, lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) and other STI have been reported in multiple European cities suggesting high-risk sexual behaviour and extensive sexual networking. In addition, overall deficit of outcome evaluation has been observed in HIV/STI prevention interventions targeted at MSM.
Program Monitoring Guidelines.
In this document, E&E countries covered include countries within USAID’s Bureau for Europe and Eurasia in Washington DC: Armenia, Albania, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russian Federation and Ukraine.
Revised Package of prevention, care and support services for men who have sex with men, and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.
Enhancing HIV, STI and other sexual health services for MSM and transgender people in Asia and the Pacific. Training package for health providers to reduce stigma in
health care settings.
Presentation Access to HIV prevention, treatment and care in Europe Barriers and solutions.
Language : RUS
Опубликованное Всемирной организацией здравоохранения (ВОЗ) в 2013 году Сводное руководство по использованию антиретровирусной терапии для лечения и профилактики ВИЧ-инфекции содержит новые рекомендации в отношении диагностики инфекции, вызываемой вирусом иммунодефицита человека (ВИЧ), оказания помощи лицам, живущим
с ВИЧ, и использования антиретровирусных (АРВ) препаратов для лечения и профилактики ВИЧ-инфекции.
В настоящем документе приводится краткий обзор основных особенностей и рекомендаций, содержащихся в новом руководстве.
Men who have sex with men (MSM) have been substantially affected by HIV epidemics worldwide. Epidemics in MSM are re-emerging in many high-income countries and gaining greater recognition in many low-income and middle-income countries. Better HIV prevention strategies are urgently needed. Our review of HIV prevention strategies for MSM identified several important themes. At the beginning of the epidemic, stand-alone behavioural interventions mostly aimed to reduce unprotected anal intercourse, which, although somewhat efficacious, did not reduce HIV transmission. Biomedical prevention strategies reduce the incidence of HIV infection. Delivery of barrier and biomedical interventions with coordinated behavioural and structural strategies could optimise the effectiveness of prevention. Modelling suggests that, with sufficient coverage, available interventions are sufficient to avert at least a quarter of new HIV infections in MSM in diverse countries. Scale-up of HIV prevention programmes for MSM is difficult because of homophobia and bias, suboptimum access to HIV testing and care, and financial constraints.