Year of Issue: 2015
Language : ENG
Limited data on HIV prevalence and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) exist in the Republic of Moldova. In Chisinau and Balti, 188 and 209, respectively, men who reported having anal or oral sex in the last six months with another man, aged 16 years were recruited into a study in 2010 using respondent-driven sampling methods.
Male sex workers who sell or exchange sex for money or goods encompass a very diverse population across and within countries worldwide. Information characterising their practices, contexts where they live, and their needs is limited, because these individuals are generally included as a subset of larger studies focused on gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) or even female sex workers.
We analyzed data on reported mode of transmission in case reports of HIV-infections among men in
Ukraine. The number of men who were reported to have acquired HIV through heterosexual transmission increased substantially in 2006–2011. However, we estimate that up to 40 % of reported cases of heterosexual transmission among men may actually represent misclassified men who have sex with men or persons who inject drugs. These findings indicate a need to improve the quality of data on
reported mode of HIV transmission. Accurate information has important public health implications in planning prevention and treatment services.
Little is known about the impact of combination HIV prevention interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) and the impacts on the wider epidemics. Modelling analyses of MSM-specific interventions across varied HIV epidemics may inform evidence-based responses. The Goals model was adapted to project the impacts of providing HIV interventions for MSM and access to expanded coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for adults to measure the effects on the MSM and adult epidemics in Peru, Ukraine, Kenya and Thailand.
Evidence supports that gay, lesbian, and transgender populations are at increased risk for mental health problems. The current study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and related factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia. This is
the only known study of its type in the Eastern European region.
Moscow has a large population of immigrants and migrants from across the Former Soviet Union.
Little is studied about men who have sex with men (MSM) within these groups. Qualitative research methods were used to explore identities, practices, and factors affecting HIV prevention and risks among immigrant/migrant MSM in Moscow.
Source: Expert Rewiew
Patterns of HIV transmission in the seven countries of southeastern Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia) indicate that men who have sex with men (MSM) bear the highest burden of HIV. In 2008, MSM represented 56% of all HIV cases reported in Serbia, and 71 and 76% in Slovenia and Croatia, respectively. In other countries the number of reported HIV cases attributed to MSM remains low, which is likely due to under reporting. HIV prevalence measured in surveys was the highest among MSM compared with other at-risk groups, ranging from 0.7% in Bosnia and Herzegovina to 6.1% in Serbia. Data on sexual behaviors and
Early diagnosis and treatment of HIV infection is critical to improving clinical outcomes for HIV-infected individuals. We sought to characterise the HIV care continuum and identify correlates of being
unaware of one’s HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Moscow, Russia
This report presents the finding of the mapping exercise. Relevant background information is provided, including some detail on the differences between stigma and discrimination as these are important to the analyses that have been carried out. Following a brief section on the methods used for this research, the findings are presented, which leads into a section on ‘moving forward’ that seeks to outline opportunities for advancing work in this area.
Source: ILGA EUROPE
Welcome to the fourth edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People in Europe. The publication includes events that occurred between January – December 2014. It provides a snapshot of what happened during the year, at national, regional and international levels, and it documents progress and trends regarding the human rights situation of LGBTI people.
Over the past 15 years, the world has made remarkable strides in halting and reversing the HIV epidemic: annual new infections have declined 35% since 2000 and 15 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) are now on antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the key populations (KPs) of sex workers, men who have sex with men (MSM) , transgender people, and people who inject drugs (PWID) remain disproportionately affected; 40-50% of all new HIV infections among adults worldwide occur among these populations and their sex partners.
Young people aged 10–24 years constitute one-quarter of the world’s population,(7) and they are among those most affected by the global epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In 2013, an estimated 4.96 million people aged 10–24 years were living with HIV, and young people aged 15–24 years accounted for an estimated 35% of all new infections worldwide in people over 15 years of age.
This document provides guidance on the clinical management of harms resulting from acute intoxication and from the harmful and dependent use of club drugs and NPS. It categorises club drugs broadly according to their clinical effects: depressant; stimulant; hallucinogenic.
Source: Министерство здравоохранения Кыргызской Республики
Language : RUS
В настоящем руководстве сведены воедино ключевые показатели для мониторинга национальных и глобальных ответных мер сектора здравоохранения на ВИЧ. Данные показатели ранжируются по степени значимости; в руководстве представлено их описание. Целью руководства является оказание помощи странам в выборе, сборе и систематическом анализе стратегической информации, которой следует руководствоваться при определении ответных мер сектора здравоохранения на ВИЧ. Все ключевые показатели сведены здесь воедино в целях обеспечения полноты картины, ранжирования показателей по степени значимости и демонстрации их взаимосвязи в цепочке результатов, а также возможности их использования для обеспечения высококачественной помощи в рамках каскада медицинских услуг при ВИЧ.
The goal of the synthesis report is to examine the experience of four middle-income EECA countries – Belarus, Bulgaria, Georgia and Ukraine – that have received grant support from the Global Fund and, in the near future, will have to prepare for transition out of Global Fund assistance in a way that assures the financial and programmatic sustainability of their TB and HIV responses. The synthesis report presents the main findings from this assessment and elaborates recommendations for the country actors. These countries share important similarities and can serve as examples for other comparable countries in the region, or with analogous backgrounds, in planning for transition. Finally the synthesis also aims to inform the Global Fund’s strategy development process, especially for the area of transition and sustainability.
UNAIDS commissioned a mapping of existing tools on HIV-related stigma and discrimination in health care settings, with a view to identifying potential gaps in the available tools where additional tools might be needed to accelerate progress towards these global targets.