3. Strengthening enabling environments

Objective 3: To strengthen enabling environments for HIV services for MSM and trans* people, through fighting stigma and discrimination, promoting and protecting human rights, and removing or mitigating legal and policy barriers

3.1. Legal and policy environment assessment and law reform

Activities in this intervention aim to establish a base of information that will inform further action and advocacy related to rights and legal frameworks. This modular intervention is a necessary foundation for the subsequent interventions.

Key regional activities:

  • Design assessment protocol for national-level assessments of legal environment, focusing on available tools and instruments to protect rights and drive positive change
  • Consolidate main findings from national-level assessments for development of best practice guidance documents, and for use as part of advocacy plans

Key national activities:

  • Conduct legal environment assessments
  • Produce and present national assessment report to relevant decision-makers and allies (as part of advocacy, as further described in Policy advocacy on legal rights, below)

3.2. Legal aid services and legal literacy

Activities under this intervention seek to support rights activists with advanced skills on MSM- and trans*-related issues. Training on legal literacy will focus on topics including human rights promotion and protection for MSM and trans* people, with a particular emphasis on taking practical steps to reduce stigma and discrimination; ensuring access to legal services for MSM and trans* people whose rights have been violated; and increasing the social accountability of public officials.

Key regional activities:

  • Conduct rights sensitization training for identified activists, building rights literacy and activism skills
  • Maintain regional database of legal providers and other legal resources (mainstream LGBTI and human rights movements) who can help with rights claims related to HIV and health services

Key national activities:

  • Map MSM and trans* communities to identify activists for further capacity-building
  • Maintain national database of legal providers and other legal resources

 

3.3. Community-based monitoring of legal rights

Activities under this intervention aim to activate the activists trained (above), in supporting rights protection for MSM and trans* populations, including the communication of violations to the regional level for redress support and advocacy.

Key regional activities:

  • Facilitate ongoing regional information and experience exchange between national activists
  • Consolidate national-level rights violation reports into an annual national report, for use in regional-level advocacy

Key national activities:

  • Monitor, document and assist in redress of violations of right to health for MSM and trans* populations, supporting national GF grant actors
  • Produce annual national summary report of rights violations specifically against MSM and trans* people, for presentation and discussion with national decision-makers for medium- and long-term improvement of legal and policy barriers

 

3.4. Policy advocacy on legal rights

Activities under this intervention are aimed at affecting policy change for rights that are not adequately protected by current policy and legislation, and assuring that appropriate laws and policies are enforced to protect MSM and trans* people.

Key regional activities:

  • Establish guidelines on practices for increasing social accountability of high level public officials
  • Develop a regional framework advocacy strategy to address key legal and enabling environment priorities including but not limited to:

    o Raising awareness of CCM members, national and local authorities, Ministry of Health officials, police, and other decision-makers on issues of SOGI;
    o Actively working with international structures, such as the European Union and international human rights organizations;
    o Proposing model laws on SOGI to countries;
    o Promoting the reduction of mutual stigma and discrimination between LGBTI and PLHIV;
    o Countering religiously and politically motivated anti-LGBT movements, promoting legislation based on human rights;
    o Increasing awareness on issues of sexuality and HIV among specialists, including doctors, psychologists, journalists (including bloggers), teachers, students.

Key national activities:

  • Develop and implement national advocacy plan to address key legal and enabling environment priorities based on regional framework advocacy strategy

 

3.5. Training on rights for public employees

Activities under this intervention focus on creating a training resource to reduce stigma and discrimination imparted by public employees, including officials, health care workers, law enforcement, etc.

Key regional activities:

  • Develop a training module on fighting stigma and discrimination against MSM and trans* people for use in training public employees
  • Conduct regional training of trainers (TOT) to prepare national-level trainers

Key national activities:

  • Adapt training module to country context, and promote module to relevant institutions and Global Fund implementing partners for inclusion in their activities
  • SRs may choose to conduct trainings directly, using TOT-prepared trainers, as budgets allow