HIV prevalence among trans people in the EECA

Last update: 21.03.2019

Country

Size estimation

year of study % HIV
Year of the last surveylance IBBS
% trans people +,
who know their status
Sample size %0 viral load %
HBV
%
 HCV
%
 syphilis
% knowledge % coverage % testing % condom use
Albania                            
Armenia     2$ [1]

2018

 

90$ [1]

     

1$ [1]

70,3$ [1]

82,3$ [1]

89,9$ [1]

97,5$ [1]

Azerbaijan                            
Belarus                       84* ⱡ [2]    
Bosnia and Herzegovina                            
Estonia                            
Georgia                            
Kazakhstan      

2016

 

28 [3]

         

88* ⱡ [2]

47,6*# ≈ [3]

 

Kosovo                            
Kyrgyzstan      

2016

 

36 [3]

           

44,5*# ≈ [3]

 

Latvia                            
Lithuania                            
North Macedonia                            
Moldova                       60,7* ⱡ [2]    
Montenegro                            
Russian Federation                             
Serbia                            
Tajikistan                            
Turkmenistan                            
Ukraine     21*# [4]

2018

 

           

12* [4]

29* [4]

31,1* [4]

Uzbekistan                            

Data collection: A. Postnov, February, 2019

Условные обозначения и ссылки

* trasngender subgroups not identified
$ – trans womans
& – trans mens
† – snowball sampling
# – respondent self-assessment
‡ – receiving any services in HIV organization
ⱡ – apparently program data used (percentage of coverage plan performed)
≠ – qualitative study, convenience sampling
≈- assessing the frequency of HIV testing in general (not in the last 12 month

[1]        Johnston, L. G. (2018) Integrated Biological-Behavioral Surveillance Survey among People Who Inject Drugs, Female Sex Workers, Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Persons. Yerevan.
[2]        UAIDS (2018) UNAIDS DATA.
[3]        ОО “Лабрис” and ОО “Кыргыз Индиго,” “Оценка потребностей трансгендеров,” 2016.
[4]        И. Медвидь, “Исследование поведения и потребностей трансгендеров в услугах по профилактике ВИЧ-инфекции/СПИДа в Украине,” Киев, 2018.
[5]        D. Operario, T. Soma, and K. Underhill, “Sex Work and HIV Status Among Transgender Women,” JAIDS J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 97–103, May 2008.
[6]        S. D. Baral, T. Poteat, S. Strömdahl, A. L. Wirtz, T. E. Guadamuz, and C. Beyrer, “Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.,” Lancet. Infect. Dis., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 214–22, Mar. 2013.
[7]        T. Poteat, S. L. Reisner, and A. Radix, “HIV epidemics among transgender women.,” Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 168–73, Mar. 2014.
[8]        K. Sabin, J. Zhao, J. M. Garcia Calleja, Y. Sheng, S. Arias Garcia, A. Reinisch, and R. Komatsu, “Availability and Quality of Size Estimations of Female Sex Workers, Men Who Have Sex with Men, People Who Inject Drugs and Transgender Women in Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” PLoS One, vol. 11, no. 5, p. e0155150, May 2016.
[9]        S. L. Reisner and G. R. Murchison, “A global research synthesis of HIV and STI biobehavioural risks in female-to-male transgender adults.,” Glob. Public Health, vol. 11, no. 7–8, pp. 866–87, 2016.
[10]     T. Poteat, A. Scheim, J. Xavier, S. Reisner, and S. Baral, “Global Epidemiology of HIV Infection and Related Syndemics Affecting Transgender People.,” J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., vol. 72 Suppl 3, no. Suppl 3, pp. S210-9, 2016.
[11]     UNAIDS, The Gap Report 2014. 2014.
[12]     WHO, “Трансгендеры и ВИЧ-инфекция,” 2015.
[13]     Health Policy Project, Asia Pacific Transgender Network, and United Nations Development Programme, “Blueprint for the Provision of Comprehensive Care for Trans People and Trans Communities in Asia and the Pacific,” 2015.
[14]     UNDP, “Being LGBTI in Eastern Europe: Serbia country report,” 2017.
[15]     International Reference Group on Transgender People and HIV/AIDS, “Counting Trans People In: Advancing Global Data Collection on Transgender Communities and HIV,” 2016.
[16]     European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and WHO Regional Office for Europe, HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe 2018 – 2017 data. Copenhagen, 2018.

Lack of data on population size estimations, prevalence of HIV and other STIs and the main behavioral characteristics of TG in CEECA are confirmed by systematic reviews and meta analyses: 2008 (Operario at al [5]), 2013 (Baral at al [6]), 2014 (Poteat at al [7]) Sabin at al [8], 2016 (Reisner, Murchison [9], Poteat at al [10]), publications of international organizations and community organizations: UNAIDS, 2014 [11], WHO, 2015 [12], UNDP, 2015 [13], 2017 [14], International Reference Group on Transgender People and HIV/AIDS, 2016 [15], WHO, 2018 [16]

Resources of medical, research and TB communities

www.avert.org, www.outcarehealth.org, www.ilga-europe.org, pravo-trans.eu, www.hrc.org, transrespect.org, transformation-russia.com, www.transcoalition.net, transglobalactivism.org, transactivists.org, lgbti-era.org, advocatesforyouth.org, www.juventas.co.me, www.queermontenegro.org, www.transbalkan.org, transserbia.org, transaid.hr, www.hplgbt.org, www.labrys.kg, ww.gender.by и другие