Year of Issue: 2010
Language : ENG
There is concern that the tremendous economic, social, and political upheavals that the Republic of Georgia has undergone in the years since the fall of the Soviet Union may have created an environment fertile for HIV transmission. Notably absent from official statistics and HIV-related research in Georgia is discussion of men who have sex with men (MSM) and, therefore, little is known about the MSM population or its potential to acquire or transmit HIV. Data were collected from 30 MSM recruited through a testing and counseling center in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia.
Two focus groups with six men each and 18 individual in-depth interviews were conducted between October 2006 and February 2007. The study participants described a Georgian culture that is argely intolerant of sexual contact between men. In describing the various forms of discrimination and violence that they would face should their sexual identities be discovered, the MSM in this ample described a variety of behaviors that they and other Georgian MSM undertake to conceal their sexual behavior. Many of these could put these men and their partners at risk for HIV. Although official HIV rates in Georgia are still low, results from this qualitative study indicate that efforts to educate and to provide unobtrusive and anonymous testing and counseling services to MSM may be critical to the deterrence of an HIV epidemic in the Republic of Georgia.
Main theme: Human rights, Social welfare of LGBT people
Source: ILGA EUROPE
In the past years, we have witnessed some positive developments of the legal environment to combat discrimination based on sexual orientation in the European Union Member States, although a lot still remains to be done. The social situation of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people, however, continues to be worrying. Homophobic and transphobic hate speech and hate crime are a common phenomenon in the European Union today.
Main theme: HIV and STIs, Conference materials
Source: Oxford University Press
Men who have sex with men (MSM) have borne a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and remain a markedly underresourced population globally. To better describe HIV epidemics among MSM in low- and middle-income countries, the authors conducted a systematic review of published and unpublished literature available after January 1, 2000 (2000–2009)
Main theme: Human rights
HIV is one of the greatest challenges of our lifetime. Since HIV was first discovered nearly 30 years ago, 60 million people worldwide have been infected with HIV and 25 million people have died from HIV-related diseases. These statistics reflect the difficulty healthcare workers face in managing the complexity of HIV disease, which can easily overwhelm a person’s immune system, especially without access to appropriate treatment and care.
Main theme: HIV and STIs, Human rights
Addressing HIV and Stigma in the Healthcare Setting in the Middle East and North Africa Region. This curriculum was developed because people living with HIV in the MENA Region wanted to
create a specific workshop that provided space for PLHIV and their supportive physicians to discuss stigma in the healthcare setting and unite in their responses to HIV. After piloting the workshop, participants wanted the opportunity to share sessions and information in their home countries.
Main theme: Prevention
The convening focused on population activities and context in an attempt to reach the above goals. While efforts to modify individual risk behaviors remain valuable, there was consensus that focusing solely upon individual behavioral interventions is insufficient. Environments that present risk of facilitating HIV transmission and ways to re-structure those settings to impede viral exposure must be the focus of new policy initiatives.
Main theme: HIV and STIs
Gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately heavy burden of the HIV pandemic. In low- and middle-income countries, MSM are 19 times more likely to be infected with HIV than the general population.1 Despite elevated HIV prevalence rates and heightened vulnerability to factors that drive HIV transmission, MSM have been under-recognized, under-studied, under-funded, and under-served historically in the global response to HIV & AIDS.
Source: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Data show that HIV infection is now widespread among MSM throughout Asia. With the exception of the Philippines and Timor Leste, all countries for which information is available show epidemics of HIV infection among MSM, particularly in urban areas.