Тема: ВИЧ и ИППП, Сексуальное здоровье ЛГБТ, Материалы конференций
Год выпуска: 2014
Язык документа: ENG
This paper examines challenges obtaining representative samples of males who have sex with males (MSM) in Estonia and provides descriptive HIV behavioral data gathered from four cross-sectional surveys; three using the internet, and one using respondent driven sampling (RDS) to recruit MSM in Tallinn and Harju County.
Тема: ВИЧ и ИППП, Материалы конференций
Год выпуска: 2012
Men who have sex with men (MSM) have been substantially aff ected by HIV epidemics worldwide. Epidemics in MSM are re-emerging in many high-income countries and gaining greater recognition in many low-income and middle-income countries.
Тема: ВИЧ и ИППП, Сексуальное здоровье ЛГБТ, Материалы конференций, гепатит, сифилис
Год выпуска: 2016
HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia are low. We collected data from 265 MSM in a national, online survey. Lifetime HIV testing was related to risky sexual behaviors and contacts with health care services, while lifetime STI testing was related only to contacts with health care services. In addition, some personal values were significant predictors of testing. For example, high achievement (personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards) had a negative impact on lifetime HIV testing, and high interpersonal conformity (avoiding upsetting others) had a negative impact on lifetime STI testing. The results demonstrate the need to develop gay-friendly health services and to recognize the role of personal values and individual differences in values when designing attractive interventions to increase HIV/STI testing rates among MSM.
Год выпуска: 2001
Источник: The Guilford Press
One of the world’s newest HIV epidemics is emerging now in Russia and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. We report on the HIV risk characteristics of young Russian men who exchange sex for money or valuables, a group that constitutes almost one-fourth of men surveyed recently in gay-identified venues in St. Petersburg.
Год выпуска: 2015
Limited data on HIV prevalence and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) exist in the Republic of Moldova. In Chisinau and Balti, 188 and 209, respectively, men who reported having anal or oral sex in the last six months with another man, aged 16 years were recruited into a study in 2010 using respondent-driven sampling methods.
Год выпуска: 2009
This study recruited four sociocentric networks (n = 156) of men who have sex with men in Budapest, Hungary, and St. Petersburg, Russia. The sampling approach was based on identifying an initial “seed” in the community for each network, and then recruiting three successive friendship group waves out from the seed.
Источник: BMJ OPEN
The aim of this study was to develop a framework and best estimates of prevalence for the most at risk populations (MARPs) for HIV/AIDS to include sex workers (SW), men who have sex with men (MSM) and injecting drug users (IDUs) in order to evaluate national HIV/AIDS programmatic targets across the Republic of Serbia
The HIV epidemic continues to grow in Tajikistan, especially among people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men and incarcerated populations. Despite their susceptibility to HIV,
members of these groups do not always have access to HIV prevention, testing and treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify and understand the gender constraints in accessing HIV services for key populations in Tajikistan. Using focus-group discussions and key informant interviews the assessment team collected information from members of key populations and those who work with them.
Тема: ВИЧ и ИППП, Права человека, Материалы конференций
Источник: Sex Res Soc Policy
This qualitative study highlights the social dynamics affecting people living with HIV (PLH) in Hungary and in the Central-Eastern European region.
Тема: Сексуальное здоровье ЛГБТ, Материалы конференций
This paper reports on research that aimed to identify risk factors and preventive behaviours for HIV/
STIs among men who have sex with men in Bulgaria, Kosovo, Macedonia and Romania. Twelve peer
researchers conducted interviews on sexual behaviour, condom use and HIV/STI awareness. Data
analysis revealed common themes across countries. Sexual activity takes place both in public spaces
and private homes.
Год выпуска: 2011
We analyzed data on reported mode of transmission in case reports of HIV-infections among men in
Ukraine. The number of men who were reported to have acquired HIV through heterosexual transmission increased substantially in 2006–2011. However, we estimate that up to 40 % of reported cases of heterosexual transmission among men may actually represent misclassified men who have sex with men or persons who inject drugs. These findings indicate a need to improve the quality of data on
reported mode of HIV transmission. Accurate information has important public health implications in planning prevention and treatment services.
Тема: ВИЧ и ИППП, Профилактика, Материалы конференций
Little is known about the impact of combination HIV prevention interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) and the impacts on the wider epidemics. Modelling analyses of MSM-specific interventions across varied HIV epidemics may inform evidence-based responses. The Goals model was adapted to project the impacts of providing HIV interventions for MSM and access to expanded coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for adults to measure the effects on the MSM and adult epidemics in Peru, Ukraine, Kenya and Thailand.
Evidence supports that gay, lesbian, and transgender populations are at increased risk for mental health problems. The current study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms and related factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia. This is
the only known study of its type in the Eastern European region.
Источник: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Russia is experiencing one of the sharpest increases in HIV incidence in the world. Almost no research has examined patterns of risk behavior among Russian men who have sex with men (MSM).
Country level comparisons of HIV prevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) is challenging
for a variety of reasons, including differences in the definition and measurement of the denominator group, recruitment strategies and the HIV detection methods. To assess their comparability, self-reported data on HIV diagnoses in a 2010 pan-European MSM internet survey (EMIS) were compared with pre-existing estimates of HIVprevalence in MSM from a variety of European countries.
Тема: Материалы конференций
Источник: Center for AIDS Intervention Research (CAIR)
The epidemiological trend of increasing HIV incidence rates due to sexual transmission in central and eastern Europe has been documented. The current review analysed research articles that report on a wide spectrum of vulnerable populations from this world region. Studies of injection drug users, commercial sex workers, men who have sex with men, adolescents and young adults all reported inconsistent condom use. However, these patterns varied across populations and geographic areas. Populations in former Soviet countries – the most affected by HIV – also often appeared to have lower
condom use rates. Intensified, comprehensive and locally tailored measures to curb sexual HIV transmission are urgently needed. Social development programs need to incorporate HIV prevention.
Источник: PLOS ONE
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV infection. MSM in Central Asia, however, are not adequately studied to assess their risk of HIV transmission. Methods: This study used respondent driven sampling methods to recruit 400 MSM in Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan, into a cross-sectional study. Participation involved a one-time interviewer-administered questionnaire and rapid HIV screening test. Prevalence data were adjusted for respondent network size and recruitment patterns. Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association between HIV and selected risk factors, and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and selected risk factors.