Материалы конференций

Отчет о 2-ой Региональной консультация по вопросам ВИЧ-инфекции среди МСМ и транс людей в Восточной Европе и Центральной Азии

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Язык документа: RUS

2-я региональная консультация была направлена на анализ основных сегодняшних вызовов в противодействии эпидемии ВИЧ среди МСМ и транс людей, на осмысление наиболее эффективных подходов к решению этой проблемы и, в конечном счете, на усиление регионального ответа на эпидемию.

В результате Консультации были разработаны рекомендации по усилению ответных мер на эпидемию ВИЧ среди МСМ и транс людей в регионе ВЕЦА.

Рекомендации, сделанные на основе предложений спикеров и участников консультации, адресованы всем заинтересованным сторонам, включая правительства, организации гражданского общества, международные организации и доноров, и структурированы по ключевым направлениям организации ответных мер на эпидемию ВИЧ среди МСМ и транс людей в регионе ВЕЦА, в частности:

Усиление роли МСМ и транс людей в процессах принятия решений и участия в реализации национальных ответных мер на ВИЧ;

  • Финансирование и устойчивость услуг;
  • Права человека и инклюзивное окружение;
  • ВИЧ и сексуальное здоровье МСМ и транс людей;
  • Стандартизация услуг для МСМ и транс людей;
  • Инновационные подходы в ответных мерах на ВИЧ;
  • Мобилизация и усиление потенциала сообщества.

Рекомендации адресованы следующим странам Восточной Европы и Центральной Азии: Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Казахстан, Кыргызстан, Латвия, Литва, Македония, Молдова, Россия, Таджикистан, Туркменистан, Узбекистан, Украина и Эстония.

Efficacy of convenience sampling through the internet versus respondent driven sampling among males who have sex with males in Tallinn and Harju County, Estonia: challenges reaching a hidden population

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Источник: AIDSCARE

Язык документа: ENG

This paper examines challenges obtaining representative samples of males who have sex with males (MSM) in Estonia and provides descriptive HIV behavioral data gathered from four cross-sectional surveys; three using the internet, and one using respondent driven sampling (RDS) to recruit MSM in Tallinn and Harju County.

Successes and challenges of HIV prevention in men who have sex with men

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Язык документа: ENG

Men who have sex with men (MSM) have been substantially aff ected by HIV epidemics worldwide. Epidemics in MSM are re-emerging in many high-income countries and gaining greater recognition in many low-income and middle-income countries.

HIV and STI Testing and Related Factors Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Estonia

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Источник: CrossMark

Язык документа: ENG

HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Estonia are low. We collected data from 265 MSM in a national, online survey. Lifetime HIV testing was related to risky sexual behaviors and contacts with health care services, while lifetime STI testing was related only to contacts with health care services. In addition, some personal values were significant predictors of testing. For example, high achievement (personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards) had a negative impact on lifetime HIV testing, and high interpersonal conformity (avoiding upsetting others) had a negative impact on lifetime STI testing. The results demonstrate the need to develop gay-friendly health services and to recognize the role of personal values and individual differences in values when designing attractive interventions to increase HIV/STI testing rates among MSM.

HIV RISK BEHAVIOR AND RISK-RELATED CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG RUSSIAN MEN WHO EXCHANGE SEX FOR MONEY OR VALUABLES FROM OTHER MEN

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Источник: The Guilford Press

Язык документа: ENG

One of the world’s newest HIV epidemics is emerging now in Russia and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. We report on the HIV risk characteristics of young Russian men who exchange sex for money or valuables, a group that constitutes almost one-fourth of men surveyed recently in gay-identified venues in St. Petersburg.

HIV, hepatitis and syphilis prevalence and correlates of condom use during anal sex among men who have sex with men in the Republic of Moldova

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Источник: ORA

Язык документа: ENG

Limited data on HIV prevalence and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) exist in the Republic of Moldova. In Chisinau and Balti, 188 and 209, respectively, men who reported having anal or oral sex in the last six months with another man, aged 16 years were recruited into a study in 2010 using respondent-driven sampling methods.

HIV/STD Prevalence, Risk Behavior, and Substance Use Patterns and Predictors in Russian and Hungarian Sociocentric Social Networks of Men Who Have Sex with Men

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Источник: The Guilford Press

Язык документа: ENG

This study recruited four sociocentric networks (n = 156) of men who have sex with men in Budapest, Hungary, and St. Petersburg, Russia. The sampling approach was based on identifying an initial “seed” in the community for each network, and then recruiting three successive friendship group waves out from the seed.

Injecting drug users, sex workers and men who have sex with men: a national cross-sectional study to develop a framework and prevalence estimates for national HIV/AIDS programmes in the Republic of Serbia

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Источник: BMJ OPEN

Язык документа: ENG

The aim of this study was to develop a framework and best estimates of prevalence for the most at risk populations (MARPs) for HIV/AIDS to include sex workers (SW), men who have sex with men (MSM) and injecting drug users (IDUs) in order to evaluate national HIV/AIDS programmatic targets across the Republic of Serbia

‘If she is a good woman …’ and ‘to be a real man …’: gender, risk and access to HIV services among key populations in Tajikistan

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Источник: ROUTLEDGE

ISBN: 1369-1058

Язык документа: ENG

The HIV epidemic continues to grow in Tajikistan, especially among people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men and incarcerated populations. Despite their susceptibility to HIV,
members of these groups do not always have access to HIV prevention, testing and treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify and understand the gender constraints in accessing HIV services for key populations in Tajikistan. Using focus-group discussions and key informant interviews the assessment team collected information from members of key populations and those who work with them.

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