Internalized transphobia still remains a "gray area" for research in the post-Soviet space. In 2021, ECOM conducted the first study in the EECA region on the level of internalized transphobia and the possibility of mobilizing communities of transgender and gender nonconforming people. And today we are ready to share the results.
839 trans* people from 11 countries took part in the study, and the final data analysis includes 795 respondents. This is one of the largest studies in the EECA region in terms of the number of respondents.
“Internalized transphobia is a negative attitude towards one's own transgenderness or non-binarity due to the adoption of societal normative expectations. It sounds complicated and intricate, and this is not the only reason why no research on this subject had been carried out in the EECA region before.
In order to make it easier for you to get acquainted with the results, in addition to publishing the full study, we also prepared briefs — summary of the main results to let you learn how trans* people feel about their trans* identity, when they were last tested for HIV, if they have been subject to discrimination,” says Elena German, Capacity Building Coordinator at ECOM and Head of Data Collection in the study.
The authors of the study focused on the following tasks:
- MEASURE the prevalence of internalized transphobia in the EECA region.
- EVALUATE the involvement of trans* people in activism and advocacy for the right to health.
- STUDY the connection between internalized transphobia and involvement in activism.
- DESCRIBE how the situation regarding internalized transphobia and its components varies from country to country.
Conclusions that can be drawn from the study:
- The level of internalized transphobia in the EECA region is medium.
- More than half of the respondents experience significant levels of internalized transphobia.
- People with lower levels of internalized transphobia are more likely to interact with health professionals and seek help regarding prevention, treatment and testing for HIV.
- Those trans* people who experience discrimination and various forms of aggression, bullying, stigmatization and discrimination have a higher level of internalized transphobia.
- Trans* women more often report incidents of violence against them than trans* men or non-binary people.
- The lower the level of education, the higher the level of internalized transphobia.
- Students and full-time employees show the highest level of internalized transphobia, which may be due to constant forced communication and misgendering at school and at work. The unemployed also show a rather high level.
- Trans* people who are more financially secure experience less internalized transphobia.
- Trans* people with higher levels of internalized transphobia avoid HIV testing.